#MIHistory – Aug. 3: The Greenville Treaty

On this day in 1795, U.S. General “Mad Anthony” Wayne signed the Greenville Treaty in Greenville, Ohio, with leaders of the Wyandot, Delaware, Shawnee, Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, Miami, Wea, Kickapoo and Kaskaskia Native American tribes. Mackinac Island and land that would one day become Metro Detroit were ceded to the U.S. under terms of the treaty – as well as the future sites of Chicago, Toledo and Sandusky, Ohio. The federal government gave the tribes $20,000 in exchange for the land.

The treaty, signed after the tribes lost the Battle of Fallen Timbers a year earlier, ended the Northwest Indian War and established the “annuity system,” in which Native American tribes were to receive payments from the federal government while giving the U.S. government greater control over their affairs.

Greenville signatures

Native American signatures on the Greenville Treaty.

 

Greenville Treaty map

Map showing lands ceded in the Greenville Treaty, including land around Fort Detroit and the Mackinac Straits area.

 

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